真棋牌提

  • 2016中国侗族.三穗圣婆文化旅游节
  •   圣德山——皇阁幽室览毓峰,一峰独表,直插云霄,屹于湘黔边众山峦之上。圣德山是北部方言区核心县中的第一高峰,地处三穗、剑河、天柱、新晃等县山脉交界接壤之处。主峰海拔1176米,山麓居住着岑坝 、贵公、新艾、绞强、竹林、八外、坦洞、八受等三万多北侗民族。

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圣婆探秘

关于北侗“圣婆”文化的起源

  一、北侗“圣婆”敬奉习俗及地位
  圣婆,又被称之为冷神婆(约公元1250左右,为一嫁杨家之人,故亦人称杨婆,被封为神,亦今已近八百年历史),在侗族地区,是驱邪除恶,保寨安民的使者,是最高最为神圣的大圣祖母,她还是一位能主宰自然的万能神。而且,在侗族地区,人们几乎把她升格到释迦牟尼、太上老君和观音菩萨同等的尊位, 在三穗县圣德山周围的坦洞、绞强、岑坝、等溪、龙脚、捧相、香炉和瓦寨部分地区,以及相邻剑河县的敏寨、缥寨、司头、岑戈、磻溪和小广等村寨,以及天柱、玉屏、镇远和湖南新晃、会同、靖县等侗族地区,她是侗族人民心目中的至尊。

  据明万历二十九年(1601)郭子章《黔记》卷五十八记载:“圣婆领五男行至邛水司岑楼山,渴甚,以手拄杖卓地,祝云:‘我得水,当随杖出!’果得水;又以竹植地,祝云:‘我得生,当成林!果成林……今岑楼山圣婆井犹存。”清乾隆《镇远府志》和《大清一统志》卷三百九十九也作了类似的记载。又据《圣婆碑》载:“圣婆井,上涌寒泉,清冽无比,里人患时疫、瘿瘤、猪瘟,吸水多愈者,即神当年以拄杖掘之。”人们崇拜圣婆井有治病消瘟的作用。圣婆是当地土地崇拜和五谷崇拜之神,她不仅可以驱赶乌云毒雾,而且有用竹杖捅地出水的本领。

  又据《圣婆碑》载:“瓦寨汛有冷神者,甚灵异。明末,张鬼钱败兵甚跋扈,世人多遭屠戮,惟里人得其所遗裙,为帜御之,获免毁,里舍灾出,裙秉作麾,靡不胜处!”还有《黔记》中有载:“土人拾得一裙,呼为圣婆裙,一十一幅,长五尺三寸,每与苗战,即揭以为帜,苗见帜而败去。盖苗畏鬼,故败。”可见当地土人把圣婆用过的东西当作“圣物”来看待。若遇某村寨发生火灾,往往有人找来月婆子的裤子“揭以为帜”,不断的向火灾地点扇去。据说这样做,可以压邪,将火灾扑灭。在北侗大部分地区,每逢举行“万人缘”宗教盛会时,专门请道教、佛教大师为“掌坛主师”,敬奉的鬼神科目很多,其中特别安排了《圣婆科》,其念词云:“神威赫赫,古代敕封为圣婆,圣德昭昭,千载清白为神祗,统领神兵,常常拥护,部领将帅,处处扶持,施拨云展雾之功,显护国安民之力,壮气腾腾,威风凛凛,名留千古,德播四方,奇峰立草原上下,神勇显现平洋。二月二日行于乡村,天日明光世界;六月六日转回殿阁,地月朗照乾坤……”读毕念词,又烧《圣婆表》一道。这不仅反映了侗族人民把圣婆看为一位保护神,而且把她升格到释迦牟尼、太上老君和观音老母同等的尊位。


  二、揭开“圣婆”的神秘面纱

  圣婆,如此神通广大,在侗族地区中地位如此崇高,究竟是何许人也?是人是神?这还得追溯其源。

  有朱桂祯在《圣婆碑》中追述:“余异之,则以姓杨出吴氏•携子二,由(锦屏)伏耳高山来,盖节妇也。”这就是说,圣婆由今之锦屏伏耳山来,姓吴,出嫁杨家。

  据清光绪年间坦洞乡岑坝村《陆氏族谱》(手抄本)记载:“洪武四年(公元1371年)小河各处定地名。我祖景佑公带妻张氏父子等迁徙,初到(思州)小河坦洞落脚,居住三年,云雾沉沉,昼夜不分,四季不清,五谷不生,无法消退云雾。于是,得太白金星下凡指点:‘若要云雾开,要等杨家来!’后我祖志高、宗泰前往天波府,接得杨天应(天保)兄弟二人来此,起佛堂,安神庙,(果然)云开雾散,才分昼夜和春夏秋冬,耕种阳春,五谷丰登,年年安好。自开辟以来,人民安逸,以奉冷神杨老令婆,古根留下至今。”

  说到杨天应,当是一方传奇:据地处湖南扶罗伞寨的杨天应碑文记载:“盖闻木本水源人亦如焉,天应公字继明乃康公之长子,生于明洪武23年(公元1390年)5月,死于成化13年(公元1477),享年87岁。”杨氏族谱亦载:“是时两溪云雾未开不见天日,庄稼不生,惊动天界玉皇大帝,闻奏“要使云雾开,须等杨姓来”。应公到来,天人感应,威从显验,天地开朗,风调雨顺,庄稼复生,命里世代安居好合,此乃天应公天星地宿之人也。”其记录与《陆氏族谱》记载相吻合。

  据《侗族简史》载:“唐末,中原农民大起义,李氏王朝摇摇欲坠,湘西南一带州郡,为当地大姓首领握有……,其族人杨再思,踞州南部的潭阳、朗溪(今芷江以南与会同、靖县、绥宁一带),自称诚州牧。后梁开平元年(907)楚王马殷遣将吕师周围攻飞山洞(今靖县城西10里),杨承磊战死,杨再思以其地附楚。”杨再思的影响较深,宋王朝封他为“威远侯”、“英惠侯”,变成了“祷雨祈晴、御灾悍患、默佑一方,叩之无不响应”的“护国神”,湘黔边区不少村寨建飞山庙供奉。有的又称杨再思为“杨令公”,而称圣婆为“杨令婆”,或“冷神婆”。

  另外,在清光绪十九年(1893)玉屏南宁堡《杨氏族谱》续修谱序中记载:“杨天应、杨天保兄弟乃去罗蒙,而适地新、地林、柳村等地处,协吴世万、姚君赞、谢天飞卜宅至(天柱)九衙轮寨,云蒙雨漠,夜梦神灵,云:‘若要云雾开,罗蒙杨姓来!’同伏地叩祝,云开雾散。”新晃县中寨《杨氏族谱》也有类似记载。这些《杨氏族谱》中记载的 “夜梦神灵”、“神灵有感”,指的就是她。意思是说:原来这里的天地是混沌朦胧的,大雾迷漫,当地侗家人去接得杨天应兄弟二人到来,“修佛堂,安神庙,”祭祀圣婆(冷神婆)后方才让天清地朗。这无疑告诉人们:天应所应的就是冷神婆,天保所保的是众生灵。要不,这侗家怎么会世世代代敬奉这“冷神婆”呢?

  由此可见,这侗族的圣婆,即《陆氏族谱》所记“杨老令婆”,还真有其人。她即是杨天应公之远祖——宋朝杨再思之侧室吴氏。《中华杨氏通鉴》记载:杨再思权偏湘桂黔边界,恩泽百姓,因功曾封“威远侯”,“英济侯” 、“广惠候”,最后于淳祐九年(1249)加封为“创远英惠侯”, 故去后被举为神灵、救世主。这杨再思原配妻子马氏,生育十二子,而侧室吴氏,则出生将门,一身烈性,在东征西讨中一直过着戎马生涯(传说与野史均出二子,只是未入中华杨氏族史,另一说有五子)。平时,她疾恶如仇,专管“闲事”,为人间打抱不平,曾接济众多庶民。因此,死去后被人们信奉为圣婆,因杨再思为将称杨令公,故吴氏从武又为令公之妻,也就被人们称之为“杨令婆”了。只是,因其性冷,虽有豆腐心肠,却因“刀子嘴巴”而让人有些生畏,故被人敬之为冷神,叫“冷神婆”。《陆氏族谱》还有还载:“凡敬奉冷神者,耕种阳春,年年茂盛,岁岁丰收,百姓安乐,六畜兴旺。”

  根据上述事实,杨老令婆在侗族先民当中,成了掌管天地自然(混沌朦胧与天清气爽)的创造和管理之神。故此,湖南、贵州等地侗族先民均认为:只有祈祷圣婆和神灵的保佑,才能驱云收雾,迎来风调雨顺、五谷丰登。

  为此,乾隆十四年(1749)镇远知府朱桂祯撰写的《圣婆遗迹·瓦寨冷神碑记》有载:“爰叩所遗,则曰:村东南隅,遗旷地土,不耕不畲,莽址昕然,即先年建庙栖神处也。”“每祭日,在东南隅各立草舍,设裳衣,具祭物,虔奉祀神祗,祭毕而撤,体神恩也。”这就是朱桂祯记载清乾隆以前信奉圣婆的情况。也真实地告诉我们,圣婆确实存在。


信奉圣婆起源圣山

  信奉圣婆,是在以圣德山为中心,范围遍及黔东黔南及湘西湘南,幅源广阔,影响深远深远。只因圣婆在此显圣而德名远播,故名圣德山。在清康熙六十一年(1722)《思州府志》中就有记载:“圣德山,府(清代岑坝属思州府)南九十里,地名岑坝,土人祈祷于其上。”这里的祈祷,实为敬奉圣婆。

  圣德山,位于三穗县城东部40公里处,今为桐林镇属地,其主峰海拔1176米,挺拔雄奇,高插云天,独具一览众山小的磅礴气势。更为奇特的是:其顶峰方围不盈数丈,却顶下中空,传闻为仙家洞府。圣德圣山,连绵数十余里,经常是云雾缭绕,山下天晴山上雨,一山就有三天气。相传在农历七月十五这天,圣婆于山顶显圣,答应了人们的祷祰,驱走了黑云毒雾,迎来了大地一片光明。于是,人们为了纪念这个有意义的一天,便决定了农历七月十五日为“朝圣”节日——祭圣婆。《黔东南苗族侗族自治州志名胜志》有载:“相传明洪武元年(1368年)天柱金凤山道乾和尚来开辟此(圣德)山,修建寺庙供奉圣婆,每到七月十五这一天,圣德山周边地方,湖南西部许多县镇均万人空巷,齐赴圣德山朝圣;僧人们设好香案,敲锣打鼓做道场,这一做就得三至五天,逢升平年甚至七天。最初的祭祀仪式是单一的——朝山祭圣婆。随着时间的推移,这七月十五日朝山祭圣就逐渐演变为集朝山祭圣、对歌联(连)情为一体的民族节日。从此,七月十五这天,圣德山漫山都是人,寺内的香堂前信众来往穿梭,香烟缭绕,齐求圣婆保佑;寺外的树荫下,未婚青年男女对歌,物色自已意中之人;老人们与儿童,朝圣完毕,或观歌助兴,或采集百草,其乐融融。

敬奉圣婆的仪式

一、 前期准备:真棋牌提在祭祀寨子中推举两家(家兴人旺、子女齐全或在朝做官的家庭——侗家叫命好的人家)喂两个猪(侗家叫圣婆礼),以六十至八十斤为宜(凑合“六合”或“八发”之意),在敬奉圣婆时用。       

   1、YOUZHAIZHUYUZHONGRENXUANDINGZHUJIREN。GUSHIZHUCHIJISIDESHIZHAIZHUHUOZHAIZHONGDEGAOWANGZHONGDEREN,HOUYOUGAIWEIQINGQIANZHI(YOUDEDAOSHIFUCHUANSHOUBINGYOUSHIFUZAISHENTANQIANZUOFASHISHOUZHI,QUDEFASHIZIGE)DEXIANSHENG(YOUJIAOJISISHI)。WULUNSHIZHAIZHUHAISHIXIANSHENG,DOUDEYONGDAHONGSHUZI(QINGJIAN)QUQING,YISHIZUNZHONGYURONGYAO。

    2、JUEDINGZHUJIJIATING。ZHEIYIJIABUJINYAOQIUMINGHAO,HAIYAOQIUYAOSHIZHAIZHONGZUIJIANGRENYI、ZUIDERENXIN、YUZHONGXIANGQINJUNNENGHEMUXIANGCHU,QIEYOUJIATINGKUANCHANGDERENJIA,BIANYUDAJIAXINYUECHENGFUDILAICANYUJINGFENGSHENGPOYISHI。ZHEIYIJIAHAIDEYONGLENGPOTIANDECHANLIANGNUOMILAIZUOWUSHIJINTIANJIU(WUGUFENGDENG)、SISHIJINMIJIU(SIJIKANGYING)、SANSHIJINBAIMI(SHANDUOCHAIDUO)、ERSHIJINZHAIBA(RENCAISHUANGWANGLIANGQUANQIMEI)、SHIJINDOUFU(SHIQUANSHIMEI)DENGGONGJISISHIYONG(JIEFANGHOULENGPOTIANJUNHUHOU,ZHEIXIEYOUQUANBUCANYUJISIRENJIACOUQI,GEJIAGEHUSIZIJILIGEZIZHUNBEI,RUTANGSHIGUOPIN、XIANGZHIDENG,BUZAIQIZHONG)。

真棋牌提   3、CHOUBEIJISIYONGPIN。HAIDEWEISHENGPOZHUNBEIJINYINZHIMA(6HUANG6BAI)、JINLUANDIAN(JINBIHUIHUANGDEZHIFANG)、YINLUZHIFANSHIERTIAO(LVGUABAIFAN6MIAN、HONGGUAHUANG6MIAN)、SHIERDINGJINYUANBAO、SHIERDINGYINYUANBAO、JINHUANGZHIZHECHENGDEPAIWEIYIGE(SHANGYONGMAOBISHU:SHENGPOSHENWEI)。

    

二、准备给圣婆安神位

    ZAIYINGJIESHENGPOJINZHAINEITIAN,YAOJISHENGPOANSHENWEI,MEIHULAIYIREN,TONGJISISHIYIQIJISHENGPOANSHENWEI。XIANGUANZHUJIRENJIADAMEN,ZAIKAOJINDAMENBIAN,SHUBAILIANGZHANGDAZHUO,ZHUOSHANGCONGWAIZHILI,YICIXUBAISHANGZUO12GEXIAOJIUBEI、YOUSHIERGEXIAOCHABEI、XIANGAN(CHAXIANGYONG)、SHIERDINGJINYUANBAO、SHIERDINGYINYUANBAO、LIANGSHENGMI(ZUOSHENGMIBINGPAICHASHANGCHA6JINMA,YOUSHENGMIBINGPAICHASHANG6YINMA)、33JIEZHUZI(SHANGMIANGEGUAYILIAOZHIQIAN)、FANGLIANGLIAONUOGUSUI,HAIYOUZHAIBA、DOUFU、DAOTOUROU、PIAOTANGROU、XIANYU、SUANCAI、MIFANDENGJIPIN,ZUIHOUYIPAIFANGSHANGJINLUANDIAN。ANPAIWANSHANGLIEBUZHI,ZHURENJIAHAIDEZAIYUANBAZHENGZHONGBAISHANGYIZHUOJIUXI:SHIERPANROU、SHIERPANDOUFU,SHIERGEJIUBEI,YIDAHUJIU。LINGWAIDEZHUOZIGENJUCANJIRENSHULAIJUEDING,MEIZHUOJIUGECAI(HOUYOUYANBIANCHENGJIUYANGCAIYIGUO,HAOCHIREDE),TONGYANGSHIERGEJIUBEI 。

   三、恭请圣婆入寨

真棋牌提    HUOPUHEZAOFANGLIFANGZHEROUCAIHEYIXIEJIANHAODETIAOXINGDOUFU。DOUFUJIAO“PAOMA”,ZHUROUJIAO“ZUOMA”,XIANYUDOUFUSUANCAIJIAO“JUOU”,ZHEIXIEJUNWEIJISIZHUANYONGYU,BUNENGSUIYIGAIDONG。ZHUOZUIQIANDUANGUAZHEDAIBIAO12GEYUEDE12DIAOZHIQIAN。ZHAILAOHUOJISISHIDIANRANXIANGZHU,ZHUOKUJIU3BIAN,MEIZHUOYIBIANKUJIUJIUSHAOYIGETOUDEZHI,RANHOUKOUNIAN:“YICHENGYIXIANYIBEIJIU,ERCHENGERXIANERBEISHUANG。YINGJIESHENGPODAOWOZHAI,BAOYOUBAIXINGANKANG。QIUDEWUGUFENGDENG,YOUWOBIANDINIUYANG。JINRISHENGPOJIALIN,GANWOSHENGSHENSHANGGUANG。QINGSHENGPOANZUOSHENWEI”。ZHAILAONIANBI,ZHONGRENZUOYIKOUTOUSANGE,JISIJIUBASHIERDIAOZHANGQIANSHAODIAO。ZHEISHI,WAIMIANTONGNANTONGNVJIANGJINHUANGZHIZHECHENGDEPAIWEIYIGE(SHANGYONGMAOBISHU:SHENGPOSHENWEI)YONGCHAPANTAILAI,DIJIZHUJISHANG,FANGDAOSHIHOULIEDEJINLUANDIANSHANG(SUANSHISHENGPOANWEILE)。YISHIWANBI,JISISHI、ZHUJIREN、WEIZHURENDENGCOUQISHIERGEWEILONGYUANBAZHONGYIZHUO,QIYUCANJIRENWEILONGQITAZHUOZI。JISISHIDONGHUAJIAO:“GUANLIAN”(DAJIATUANLONGLAI),ZHONGRENYONGDONGHUAGAOHU:“GUANLIAN”(DAJIATUANLONGLAI);JISISHIDONGHUAJIAO:“LAIBEINONG”(HEBEIHAONONGJIU),ZHONGRENYONGDONGHUAGAOHU:“LAIBEINONG”(HEBEIHAONONGJIU)。ZHAILAONIAN12BIAN,ZHONGHU12BIAN,HE12BEIJIU,CHI12CIROUCAI,RANHOUCAIZIYOUCHIHE。

   四、供奉圣婆

    ZAI7TIANZHINEI,JISIZHEJIAMEITIANGONG3CITIANJIU、ZHU3CIDONGJIAYOUCHA,BINGYOUZHUROU、DOUFU,FENZAOZHONGWANZUOSANCIGONGFENG。MEICIDOUBIXIANJINGCHA、KUJIU、DIANZHANGMINGDENG、SHAOXIANGHUAZHIQIAN,RENMENMEICIJISIHAIDEZUOYIKOUTOU。YINWEISHIJINGLENGSHENGPO,ZUIPAJINGDONGSHENGPO,GUZHEIJITIANDEFASHISHIBUNENGDONGXIANGQIDE——BUNENGQIAOLUODAGU,ZHINENGTAONIANSHENGPOJINGYIQIDAO,FENZAOZHONGWANSANKE。RUCIXUNHUAN7RI。JUCHUAN,SHEIJINGFENGDEHAO,SHEIJIAJIUNENGWANSHIRUYI。

   五、欢送圣婆出寨

真棋牌提    QITIANQIMAN(GEBIEZHAIZIYIYOUWUTIAN),JIUDEHUANSONGSHENGPOCHUZHAI。CHUZHAINEITIANZAOSHANG,JIANGSHIERMIANYINLUSHENFANYOUSHIERGETONGNANTONGNVJUZHEBINGLIEZAIZHURENJIADECHULUKOUDEDAOLULIANGBIAN(ZUOJINYOUYIN)。RANHOUQINGJISISHIZHUNBEIFASHI。ZHAILAODAKAIJISIZHEJIADAMEN,BALIANGZHANGZHUOZISHUNBAIGUOLAI(HENGBAI),YICIXUBAISHANGZUO12GEXIAOJIUBEI、YOUSHIERGEXIAOCHABEI、XIANGAN(CHAXIANGYONG)、LIANGSHENGMI(ZUOSHENGMIBINGPAICHASHANGCHA6JINMA,YOUSHENGMIBINGPAICHASHANG6YINMA)、33JIEZHUZI(SHANGMIANGEGUAYILIAOZHIQIAN)、FANGLIANGLIAONUOGUSUI,HAIYOUZHAIBA、DOUFU、DAOTOUROU、PIAOTANGROU、XIANYU、SUANCAI、MIFANDENGJIPIN,ZUIHOUYIPAISHIFANGYOUSHENWEIDEJINLUANDIAN。

CISHIDEZHAILAODEZHUCHIYISHI。ZHONGRENDEXIANBAWEIDEZHUSHAYITOU,GUAJIEXIJINGGUOHOUTAIDAOJIZHUOQIANDEYUANBALI,FANGZAISHADENGSHANG,TOUCHAOLIGONGZHE(BUNENGKAICHANGPODU)。ZHUNBEIHAOZHEIXIE,ZHAILAOSHAOWANZHIRANSHANGXIANG,BINGBA33JIEZHUZIJISHANGMIANGUADEZHIQUXIASHAODIAO,CAILIJIEXINGDISUSHUOZHAODAIBUZHOUZHIQIAN,ZAIXIEGUOSHENGPOBAOYOUZHIEN,RANHOUZUOYISANGE,CANBAIZHONGRENSUIHOUGUIXIAGENZHEQIKOUSHOUSANGE,QINGSHENGPOYIZUO。ZHEISHI,ZHUJIYAOQINGTONGNANTONGNVJIANGCHAYOUZHIMADELIANGSHENGMIDUANQI(ZUOJINYOUYIN),ZHANDAOJISISHIHOUMIAN,MIANXIANGWAI,DENGDAISHENGMUYIJIA,SHIERDINGJINYUANBAO、SHIERDINGYINYUANBAOYOUTONGNANTONGNVYONGCHAPANDUANZHEJINSUIQIHOU。JISISHIYOUQINGZHONGRENCHAIQUQITAWUPIN,ZUIHOUDESHENGPOJINLUANDIANDEQINGLIANGGEZHUANGHAN(HUOTONGZI)TAIZHE,ZAIYOUYIRENDAHUANGLUOSANZOUZAIHOUMIAN,ZHEZHUJINLUANDIAN,QIYUDERENJIANGSHOUSHIZHAIBA、DOUFU、DOUZHA、JIUSHUIHEFEIZHUDENGJIPIN,YONGLUOKUANGTAIZHE,BIANZOUBIANGAOHAN“SONGSHENGPO,TAISHENGPO,RENDEANKANGGUMANLUO! SONGSHENGPO!TAISHENGPO,JIYANIUYANGMANSHANPO!” 

    QINGDONGSHENGPO,SHIERMINGYINLUTONGZIPAICHENGLIANGZONGDUIZAIQIAN,SHIERZHIMAJINSUIQIHOU,SHIERDINGDAJINYINJIEZHE,SHENGPOJINLUANDIANHEHUANGLUOSANGENSHANG,HOUMIANSHITAIJIPINDERENMEN,SONGCHUDUIWUTAIZHEGUOPIAOWANPENDENGYUHOU,HAOHAODANGDANGDIJIANGSHENGPOSONGDAOHEBIAN(YAOQIUJINLIANGHEBAKUANCHANGQIESHUILIUJIAOSHENDEDIFANG),BADUIPOSHENWEICHAOHEBIANFANGXIA,ZHIMAFANGZAIJINLUANDIANQIAN,GONGPINFANGZAIHEYAN(KUSHUILIUBUDA,BUZUYICHONGZOUSHANGSHUWUPIN,ZEYINGFANGZAISHIXIANPUHAODEDAOCAOSHANG,YIBIANJISIWANBIHAOSHAO)。RENMENJIANGJIKOUDAGUOJIAZAISHITOUQIDESANJIAOJIASHANG,QIXIASHENGHUO,TIEGUOLIZHUXIFANHELIAOROU。JIANGCHAPANCHAOSHENGPOQUDEFANGXIANGBAIHAO,CONGZHUSHENSHANGQUCHUYAN、ER、BI、SHE、CHUN、JIAOZHUA、XINZI、GAN、FEI、YAOZI、DUZI、WEIBA、BEILIANGJINDENG24YANG,JIASHANGXIANGZHUDENGWU,YECHAOSHENGPOQUDEFANGXIANGBAIHAO,DAJIAZAIJISISHIDEDAILINGXIAJUXINGSONGDUIYISHI。DAJIAMIANDUISHENGPOJINLUANDIAN(PAIWEI)BEIMIAN,ZHAILAOZAIQIAN,NAZHEDIANRANDESANGENXIANG,QIYURENGENAYIGENXIANGLIEYUQIHOU,ZHAILAODAIZHEZHONGRENBIANZUOYIBIANNIANDAO:“YIZHUZHENXIANG、ERZHUMINGXIANG、SANZHUBAOXIANG,WANGSHENGPOBAOYOU,DAJIDALI,ZHONGRENANKANG。QINGSHENGPOMINGNIANZAILAI,DAJIAZUOYI!”NIANSANBIAN,ZHONGRENXIANGSHENGPOSHENWEIZUOSANGEYI。JIBI,RENMENLIJIJIANGSHENGPOPAIWEIJISUOYOUJIWUFANGRUSHUIZHONGCHONGZOUHUOYIQISHAODIAO(SHIPINCHUWAI)。

     六、举行“分福”仪式。真棋牌提即每户带来一个大菜碗,由寨老平均分发,每碗装入一砣肉、3个斋粑、3根葱和一把燎浆米,放到自家带来的物事中,待吃完饭后好带回家中,让全家老少分吃。诸事完毕,人们才把分后余下的肉菜等放在一锅中煮熟,就着沙滩蹲下,开怀畅饮。这时,如果有过路人,就派几个壮汉把他们抓来,用麻布口袋笼着过路人的头,并“强迫”他跪下,向圣婆作揖磕头,又喂他一砣豆渣,然后诚意邀请他参加就餐吃喝,一齐欢送圣婆出寨。

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